People with depression are often locked into negative thinking patterns, but pushing them to “think positively” isn’t likely to help. There’s a better approach.
- Compared to other people, individuals with depression often show fewer positive and more negative interpretation biases.
- Making negative interpretations is not dysfunctional; what is dysfunctional is a lack of flexibility in information processing.
- Interpretation biases could result in blunted positive emotions and/or elevated levels of negative emotions.
- Cognitive bias modification increases interpretation flexibility, thus enhancing emotion regulation ability and also improving mood.